Neural Networks: Tricks of the Trade [electronic resource] :Second Edition /
Contributor(s): Montavon, Grégoire [editor.] | Orr, Geneviève B [editor.] | Müller, Klaus-Robert [editor.] | SpringerLink (Online service).Material type: BookSeries: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 7700Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2012.Description: XII, 769 p. 223 illus. online resource.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783642352898.Subject(s): Computer science | Computers | Algorithms | Artificial intelligence | Pattern recognition | Complexity, Computational | Computer Science | Computation by Abstract Devices | Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) | Algorithm Analysis and Problem Complexity | Pattern Recognition | Complexity | Information Systems Applications (incl. Internet)Online resources: Click here to access online
Introduction -- Preface on Speeding Learning -- 1. Efficient BackProp -- Preface on Regularization Techniques to Improve Generalization -- 2. Early Stopping — But When? -- 3. A Simple Trick for Estimating the Weight Decay Parameter -- 4. Controlling the Hyperparameter Search in MacKay’s Bayesian Neural Network Framework.- 5. Adaptive Regularization in Neural Network Modeling -- 6. Large Ensemble Averaging -- Preface on Improving Network Models and Algorithmic Tricks -- 7. Square Unit Augmented, Radially Extended, Multilayer Perceptrons -- 8. A Dozen Tricks with Multitask Learning -- 9. Solving the Ill-Conditioning in Neural Network Learning -- 10. Centering Neural Network Gradient Factors -- 11. Avoiding Roundoff Error in Backpropagating Derivatives.- 12. Transformation Invariance in Pattern Recognition –Tangent Distance and Tangent Propagation -- 13. Combining Neural Networks and Context-Driven Search for On-line, Printed Handwriting Recognition in the Newtons -- 14. Neural Network Classification and Prior Class Probabilities -- 15. Applying Divide and Conquer to Large Scale Pattern Recognition Tasks -- Preface on Tricks for Time Series -- 16. Forecasting the Economy with Neural Nets: A Survey of Challenges and Solutions -- 17. How to Train Neural Networks -- Preface on Big Learning in Deep Neural Networks -- 18. Stochastic Gradient Descent Tricks.- 19. Practical Recommendations for Gradient-Based Training of Deep Architectures -- 20. Training Deep and Recurrent Networks with Hessian-Free Optimization -- 21. Implementing Neural Networks Efficiently -- Preface on Better Representations: Invariant, Disentangled and Reusable -- 22. Learning Feature Representations with K-Means -- 23. Deep Big Multilayer Perceptrons for Digit Recognition -- 24. A Practical Guide to Training Restricted Boltzmann Machines -- 25. Deep Boltzmann Machines and the Centering Trick -- 26. Deep Learning via Semi-supervised Embedding -- Preface on Identifying Dynamical Systems for Forecasting and Control -- 27. A Practical Guide to Applying Echo State Networks -- 28. Forecasting with Recurrent Neural Networks: 12 Tricks -- 29. Solving Partially Observable Reinforcement Learning Problems with Recurrent Neural Networks -- 30. 10 Steps and Some Tricks to Set up Neural Reinforcement Controllers.
The twenty last years have been marked by an increase in available data and computing power. In parallel to this trend, the focus of neural network research and the practice of training neural networks has undergone a number of important changes, for example, use of deep learning machines. The second edition of the book augments the first edition with more tricks, which have resulted from 14 years of theory and experimentation by some of the world's most prominent neural network researchers. These tricks can make a substantial difference (in terms of speed, ease of implementation, and accuracy) when it comes to putting algorithms to work on real problems.