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Modeling and Using Context [electronic resource] :Third International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT 2001 Dundee, UK, July 27–30, 2001 Proceedings /

Contributor(s): Akman, Varol [editor.] | Bouquet, Paolo [editor.] | Thomason, Richmond [editor.] | Young, Roger [editor.] | SpringerLink (Online service).
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 2116Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2001.Description: XVI, 472 p. online resource.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783540446071.Subject(s): Computer science | Programming languages (Electronic computers) | Mathematical logic | Database management | Artificial intelligence | Computer simulation | Computer Science | Database Management | Simulation and Modeling | Programming Languages, Compilers, Interpreters | Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics) | Mathematical Logic and Formal LanguagesOnline resources: Click here to access online
Contents:
Full Papers -- Trade-Offs between Inductive Power and Logical Omniscience in Modeling Context -- Uncertainty and Conflict Handling in the ATT-Meta Context-Based System for Metaphorical Reasoning -- Word Sieve: A Method for Real-Time Context Extraction -- Pragmatic Reasoning Pragmatic Semantics and Semantic Pragmatics -- On the Dimensions of Context Dependence: Partiality, Approximation, and Perspective -- Context of Utterance and Intended Context -- Two Formalizations of Context: A Comparison -- Consider the Alternatives: Focus in Contrast and Context -- Context in the Study of Human Languages and Computer Programming Languages: A Comparison -- Modeling Context Effect in Perceptual Domains -- Learning Appropriate Contexts -- Context and Relevance: A Pragmatic Approach -- Counterfactual Reasoning -- Context-Based Ambiguity Management for Natural Language Processing -- A Connectionist-Symbolic Approach to Modeling Agent Behavior: Neural Networks Grouped by Contexts -- Context Dependency of Pattern-Category Learning -- Simulating Context Effects in Problem Solving with AMBR -- A New Method Based on Context for Combining Statistical Language Models -- Experimental Pragmatics: Towards Testing Relevance-Based Predictions about Anaphoric Bridging Inferences -- Workflow Context as a Means for Intelligent Information Support -- The Role and Modeling of Context in a Cognitive Model of Rogers’ Person-Centred Approach -- Local Holism -- Whom Is the Problem of the Essential Indexical a Problem for? -- Contextual Categorization and Cognitive Phenomena -- Representing the Graphics Context to Support Understanding Plural Anaphora in Multi-modal Interfaces -- Using Explicit, A Priori Contextual Knowledge in an Intelligent Web Search Agent -- Contexts and Philosophical Problems of Knowledge -- Practical Context Transformation for Information System Interoperability -- Explanation as Contextual -- Contextual Categorization: A Mechanism Linking Perception and Knowledge in Modeling and Simulating Perceived Events as Actions -- Short Papers -- The Motivational Context -- An Approach to Anaphora Based on Mental Models -- Context and Multi-media Corpora -- Belief Expansion, Contextual Fit, and the Reliability of Information Sources -- The Role of the Context in the Acquisition and in the Organisation of Knowledge: Studies from Adults and from Children -- VC-Dimension of a Context-Dependent Perceptron -- A Framework for Context-Driven Web Resource Discovery -- Specifying Contexts for Coordination Patterns -- Looking at “Situated” Technology: Differences in Pattern of Interaction Reflect Differences in Context -- A Context-Driven Approach for Knowledge Acquisition: Application to a Leukaemia Domain -- Context in Natural-Language Communication: Presupposed or Co-supposed? -- Using Contexts Competition to Model Tactical Human Behavior in a Simulation -- Case Studies in Developing Contextualising Information Systems -- About Some Relationships between Knowledge and Context -- Combining Cases and Rules to Provide Contextualised Knowledge Based Systems.
In: Springer eBooksSummary: Context has emerged as a central concept in a variety of contemporary app- aches to reasoning. The conference at which the papers in this volume were presented was the third international, interdisciplinary conference on the topic of context, and was held in Dundee, Scotland on July 27-30, 2001. The ?rst conference in this series was held in Rio de Janiero in 1997, and the second in Trento in 1999. Like the previous conferences, CONTEXT 2001 was remarkably successful in bringing together representatives of many di?erent ?elds, spanning the entire range of the cognitive and informational sciences, and with interests ranging from speci?c, commercial applications to highly general philosophical and logical theories. The papers collected here demonstrate well the range of context-related - search. While foundational problems remain, and continue to be discussed in many of the contributions collected in this volume, the work shows increased - phistication about what forms of reasoning are important, and what techniques are appropriate in accounting for them. The papers themselves, however, do not convey the lively excitement of the conference itself, and the continuing spirit of cooperation and communication across disciplines that has been the hallmark of these conferences. We are very pleased that the ?eld of context research has shown over four years intense, sustained development while retaining this sense of interdisciplinary cooperation.
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Full Papers -- Trade-Offs between Inductive Power and Logical Omniscience in Modeling Context -- Uncertainty and Conflict Handling in the ATT-Meta Context-Based System for Metaphorical Reasoning -- Word Sieve: A Method for Real-Time Context Extraction -- Pragmatic Reasoning Pragmatic Semantics and Semantic Pragmatics -- On the Dimensions of Context Dependence: Partiality, Approximation, and Perspective -- Context of Utterance and Intended Context -- Two Formalizations of Context: A Comparison -- Consider the Alternatives: Focus in Contrast and Context -- Context in the Study of Human Languages and Computer Programming Languages: A Comparison -- Modeling Context Effect in Perceptual Domains -- Learning Appropriate Contexts -- Context and Relevance: A Pragmatic Approach -- Counterfactual Reasoning -- Context-Based Ambiguity Management for Natural Language Processing -- A Connectionist-Symbolic Approach to Modeling Agent Behavior: Neural Networks Grouped by Contexts -- Context Dependency of Pattern-Category Learning -- Simulating Context Effects in Problem Solving with AMBR -- A New Method Based on Context for Combining Statistical Language Models -- Experimental Pragmatics: Towards Testing Relevance-Based Predictions about Anaphoric Bridging Inferences -- Workflow Context as a Means for Intelligent Information Support -- The Role and Modeling of Context in a Cognitive Model of Rogers’ Person-Centred Approach -- Local Holism -- Whom Is the Problem of the Essential Indexical a Problem for? -- Contextual Categorization and Cognitive Phenomena -- Representing the Graphics Context to Support Understanding Plural Anaphora in Multi-modal Interfaces -- Using Explicit, A Priori Contextual Knowledge in an Intelligent Web Search Agent -- Contexts and Philosophical Problems of Knowledge -- Practical Context Transformation for Information System Interoperability -- Explanation as Contextual -- Contextual Categorization: A Mechanism Linking Perception and Knowledge in Modeling and Simulating Perceived Events as Actions -- Short Papers -- The Motivational Context -- An Approach to Anaphora Based on Mental Models -- Context and Multi-media Corpora -- Belief Expansion, Contextual Fit, and the Reliability of Information Sources -- The Role of the Context in the Acquisition and in the Organisation of Knowledge: Studies from Adults and from Children -- VC-Dimension of a Context-Dependent Perceptron -- A Framework for Context-Driven Web Resource Discovery -- Specifying Contexts for Coordination Patterns -- Looking at “Situated” Technology: Differences in Pattern of Interaction Reflect Differences in Context -- A Context-Driven Approach for Knowledge Acquisition: Application to a Leukaemia Domain -- Context in Natural-Language Communication: Presupposed or Co-supposed? -- Using Contexts Competition to Model Tactical Human Behavior in a Simulation -- Case Studies in Developing Contextualising Information Systems -- About Some Relationships between Knowledge and Context -- Combining Cases and Rules to Provide Contextualised Knowledge Based Systems.

Context has emerged as a central concept in a variety of contemporary app- aches to reasoning. The conference at which the papers in this volume were presented was the third international, interdisciplinary conference on the topic of context, and was held in Dundee, Scotland on July 27-30, 2001. The ?rst conference in this series was held in Rio de Janiero in 1997, and the second in Trento in 1999. Like the previous conferences, CONTEXT 2001 was remarkably successful in bringing together representatives of many di?erent ?elds, spanning the entire range of the cognitive and informational sciences, and with interests ranging from speci?c, commercial applications to highly general philosophical and logical theories. The papers collected here demonstrate well the range of context-related - search. While foundational problems remain, and continue to be discussed in many of the contributions collected in this volume, the work shows increased - phistication about what forms of reasoning are important, and what techniques are appropriate in accounting for them. The papers themselves, however, do not convey the lively excitement of the conference itself, and the continuing spirit of cooperation and communication across disciplines that has been the hallmark of these conferences. We are very pleased that the ?eld of context research has shown over four years intense, sustained development while retaining this sense of interdisciplinary cooperation.

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